• Dean Royer

March 2019 employment law decisions

A case with one representative claim cannot be forced into arbitration.

March 28, 2019, Second District Court of Appeal, Arthur Zakaryan v. The Men’s Wearhouse, Inc.: a case based on one representative (Private Attorney General Act of 2004) claim cannot be split and sent to two different fora, i.e. one part remains in court and one part goes to arbitration.


Religious organizations are exempt from all claims under federal employment discrimination law (Title VII).

March 18, 2019, Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, Ann Garcia v. Salvation Army: the Salvation Army is exempt from the federal employment discrimination law (Title VII) under the religious organization exception for hiring and firing decisions as well as retaliation and hostile work environment claims.


Ministerial exception does not bar preschool teachers at Jewish synagogue from pursuing claims against their employer.

March 8, 2019, Second District Court of Appeal, Julie Su v. Stephen S. Wise Temple: preschool teachers at a Jewish synagogue may pursue wage and hour claims against their employer because the “ministerial” exception does not apply.


#Wageandhour #Ministerialexception #PAGA #TitleVII #Religiousorganization

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July 2021 employment law decisions

Failure to promote harassment claim accrues when the employee knows or reasonably should know about the promotion decision. July 26, 2021, California Supreme Court, Pamela Pollock v. Tri-Modal Distrib

April and May 2021 employment law decisions

Overtime pay may be disclosed in wage statements as the premium rate (.5 of the standard) rather than the cumulative standard plus premium rate. May 28, 2021, Fourth District Court of Appeal, General

April 2021 employment law decisions

University of California is not subject to California’s minimum wage law. April 23, 2021, Fourth District Court of Appeal, Guivini Gomez v. The Regents of the University of California: Gomez sued her